SCM trigger points are not only caused by forward head posture.
Trigger points in this muscle may also be caused by:
- Awkward sleeping positions
- Lying on your stomach can place extra strain on these muscles.
- Using a pillow that is too high or using two pillows which puts your head into a flexed position
- Coughing hard when you have a cold or allergies.
- These muscles which help to elevate the chest may be recruited to assist with coughing. Trigger points can develop with the repeated overuse of the muscles.
- Doing activities or chores where you are constantly looking up puts stress on the muscles by overstretching them
- plumbing or electrical work when you are in tight corners looking up
- painting a ceiling
- installing drywall overhead
- Whiplash injuries
- Stress is placed on the SCM muscles during a whiplash incident as they contract to control the excessive whip of the head.
- Whiplash can occur from a vehicle accident or as the result of a fall.